Eating for optimal health appears to be more complicated than ever, especially with regard to dietary fat. Scientific evidence from traditional cultural eating patterns supports consuming “good” types of fat as part of an overall healthy diet. Long-term studies show us that people from certain regions of the world have lower risks of developing heart disease. This is thought to be, in part, a result of consuming a higher fat diet, full of “good” unsaturated fat. The traditional dietary and lifestyle patterns within the particular regions also contribute to the overall health of the population.